Rabstejn nad strelou
Rabenstein an der Schnella
the north of Pilsen
The first three families came to Rabstejn before 1654. Other mentions of the settlement are from the 19th century when two families lived here.
The number of Jews was never higher than 15 and it was decreasing. Last family left before the Nazis occupation in 1938.
The local Jewish cemetery is quiet small. It is situated on the hill by the road leading from the post office to the river Strela. It is newly reconstructed and it is divided into two parts - older one and newer one also the surrounding wall stayed preserved. It is noticable that the older part of the cemetary was elevated which is very rare example. Similar elevation was done in Prague.
Rabstejn nad Strelou is the smallest town in the Czech republic, maybe in Europe too.
The number of citizens is very low here, but we can add people who have a cottage here and also several hundreds of tourists who visit this lovely town every year.
There are many things to see in Rabstejn and in the surrounding nature. You can see interesting historical buildings here or walk through the wild nature along the river ( it is a natural reservation).
The town was already mentioned in 1269 and its history is associated with the nobel family of Pluhs from Rabstejn - they contributed to the town privillegies. (1337).
They owned the town in the 14th century and later the town changed its owners for several times. Since the half of the 18th century the nobel family of Lazans owned and kept the town for another 100 years.
You can find some remains of the mediaval castle - a round tower and parts of the walls situated on the hill above the town ( it was used until 1524).
Later in Baroque the castle was left and another modern castle was built. The new castle is used by journalist and it is not open for public.
But you can visit the Virgin Maria´s church surrounded by cloister of Servits. (previously Karmelitan´s cloister). The architect of these monumental buildings was Anselmo Lurago.
The cloister is nowadays used as a hotel. There is a marvelous view from the restaurant and also delicious food.
You can see some old- country style buildings below the cloister. The style of the houses was influenced by German style. The German became the offical languague here in the 17th century.
The town is basicly formed by one road with its wide part in the middle as a square.
It is situated on the hills above the river so the bridge had to be build in mediaval times.
Some original parts of the bridge survived until nowadays.