Jewish Route in the Pilsen Region
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Nepomuk     Nepomuk
N
epomuk (a town with an interesting architecture - a baroque dean's office and the hospital, the st. Jacob's church originally a roman building later rebuilt into baroque style, and also the St. John of Nepomuk cathedral and museum)
Nepomuk is a town closely tide up with the church and its influence. The tradition of the Jewish settlement is thin and young and never had any remarkable gloom. There is a mention from the second half of the 19th century about a praying room which was situated inside of the townhouse. Another one was probably in the village Klaster.
There used to be a private Jewish school here at the end of the 19th century but it vanished and the Jewish children had to go to the state school.
There are no other remarkable sights of the Jewish settlement.
The historical and local situation was very complicated. The village firstly appeared in the lists in the 13th century as a trading village Pomuk owned by the church. Then in the 14th century was enlarged by the village Presanice and just before the Husism privileged . The famous Cistercians cloister was built on the side of the hill called Green hill in the 12th century. In 1420 the cloister was damaged and the monks were banished. Later they tried to renew the cloister but it wasn't succesfull.
Nepomuk become a town in 1730.
Afterall of the historical tragedies there are many important architectonics. The St. Jacob's church (on the Presanicke square) was established in the 12th century - in the time when the cloister was established too. Later was rebuilt into baroque style. During the period of the Josephins reforms it was used as a granary. At the end of the 19th century was renewed in the neogothical style.
Another interesting building is the St. John of Nepomuk's church established by Stemberks in the 17th century later was rebuilt into baroque style during the rule of Martins.
The author of this reconstruction was K.I.Dientzenhofer. He also rebuilt the dean's office (n.1 next to the St. Jacob's church).
Probably the most famous person here is a saint who is well known all around the catholic world and his statue we can find all around the world too. John of Nepomuk was born here and his life is well known from many legends. We can also see his silver tombstone in the cathedral of St. Vitus in Prague.
Other important people:

August Nemejc (1861-1938) who was born here, he was a painter of a regional meaning. He is an author of the curtain in the Tyl's theatre in Pilsen and he painted lunets in the interior of the Western museum in Pilsen.

Josef Ondrej Liboslav Rettig (1821-1871) a son of a famous revivalist and author of a famous cookbook , he became a priest. He used to work as a rector on the former piaristic collage. He devoted his whole life to natural science and he established here a meteorological center. He was buried here.

Little confusing was an even around the discovering of the Green hill script which was later claimed as a forgery.

Zelena hora (originally a property of the cloister in Nepomuk but later own but different nobel families. The castle was build in the 17th century during the Stenbergs rule. From this time is also dated the reconstruction of the St. Maria's the Virgin church.)

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